The International Phonetic Alphabet and the IPA Chart

The official International Phonetic Alphabet, and its organization in a chart, is maintained by the Association. As noted in our 1999 Handbook (Appendix 4), modifications have always been the result of "members making proposals for changes, which were published in the journal and voted on by the Association's Council" (p. 196). Only changes to the alphabet or chart that have been approved by the Council can be considered part of the official IPA. For further information, please consult the Secretary.

Reproduction of The International Phonetic Alphabet

The IPA chart and all its subparts are copyright 2018/2005 by the International Phonetic Association. As of July 2012, they are made freely available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). This license allows any kind of re-use (including commercial reproduction and derivative works), as long as attribution is given and the reproduction or derivative work is under the same license. See for further description.

Attribution under this license may be made as follows:

"IPA Chart,, available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Unported License. Copyright © 2018 International Phonetic Association."

Under this license, there is no need to request permission from the Association for reproduction or re-use. However, if you have further questions, please contact the Secretary.

Other related tables and links: