14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999

The Role of Evidence and Counter-Evidence in Speech Perception

Stuart Cunningham, Martin Cooke

Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, UK

Speech perception is robust in adverse acoustic conditions when other soundsmask portions of the signal. Under experimental conditions, intelligibility can remain high evenwhenmuch of the spectrum is removed, and can be further increased when noise fills the spectral gaps. These results suggest that listeners may be able to exploit noisy regions during recognition. This paper presents a joint psychophysical and modelling study into the intelligibility of band-pass filtered speech. Experiment 1 measured the intelligibility of digit sequences which were band-pass filtered at a range of centre frequencies. A model employing missing data techniques produced qualitatively similar performance to listeners. In experiment 2, listeners were presented with digit sequences filtered into two widely separated narrow bands. Band limited noise at a range of levels was added into the spectral gap between the two speech bands. A small improvement in intelligibility with increasing noise level was measured. Implications for identification metrics involving evidence and counter-evidence are discussed.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Cunningham, Stuart / Cooke, Martin (1999): "The role of evidence and counter-evidence in speech perception", In ICPhS-14, 215-218.