15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)
This study investigates the claim that flapping patterns in American English are subject to phonetic paradigm uniformity constraints based on the phonetic feature [extra short closure], as proposed by Steriade (1996). The results of this study reveal that speakers do not maintain uniform paradigms with regard to flapping and that [extra short closure] is only one of several acoustic cues relevant for differentiating a flap from its corresponding stop.
Bibliographic reference. Riehl, Anastasia K. (2003): "American English flapping: evidence against paradigm uniformity with phonetic features", In ICPhS-15, 2753-2756.