15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)

Barcelona, Spain
August 3-9, 2003

The Phonetics of Resyllabification in English and Arabic Speech

Kenneth de Jong, Kyoko Okamura, Byung-jin Lim

Indiana University, USA

Rate-induced resyllabification is a speech production phenomenon in which repeated coda consonants, when repeated at fast rates, shift in affiliation to a following vowel. This phenomenon has been cited as evidence for modes in articulatory coordination which underlie cross-linguistic tendencies in syllabic patterning. The current paper investigates whether resyllabification generalizes from English to Arabic. A speaker of American English, and of Jordanian Arabic repeated syllables in time to a rate-varied metronome. Glottal movement was recorded using endoscopic glottal transillumination. The English speaker shows a juncture-marking glottal stop at slow rates which becomes replaced by a devoicing gesture at fast rates. The Arabic speaker tends to retain the onset glottal stops at fast rates, and also introduces a glottal abduction in coda position. These effects appear due to linguistic differences between Arabic and English. Hence, linguistic usage partially determines what articulatory modes appear in speech production tasks.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Jong, Kenneth de / Okamura, Kyoko / Lim, Byung-jin (2003): "The phonetics of resyllabification in English and Arabic speech", In ICPhS-15, 2621-2624.