15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)
A three-dimensional model of the vocal tract is presented. The vocal tract walls and the tongue are represented by three individual grids. The shape of the grids is determined by a set of parameters specifying the form and position of the tongue, the lips, the velum, the larynx and the jaw. Both articulatory speech synthesis and the visualization of speech production can benefit from this three-dimensional representation of the vocal tract.
Bibliographic reference. Birkholz, Peter / Jackel, Dietmar (2003): "A three-dimensional model of the vocal tract for speech synthesis", In ICPhS-15, 2597-2600.