15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)

Barcelona, Spain
August 3-9, 2003

Modeling the Role of Native Language Knowledge in Perceiving Nonnative Speech Contrasts

James L. Keidel (1), Jason D. Zevin (2), Keith R. Kluender (1), Mark S. Seidenberg (1)

(1) University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
(2) University of Southern California, USA

A novel connectionist model of speech perception is presented which accounts for data regarding the perception of foreign speech sounds by native speakers of English. The model was trained on a large corpus of English CV syllables, and then tested on isiZulu stimuli. Results were similar to those obtained in a study with human participants by Best et al. (2001). Importantly, the match between the model's performance and the human data did not depend on the inclusion of articulatory information in the model.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Keidel, James L. / Zevin, Jason D. / Kluender, Keith R. / Seidenberg, Mark S. (2003): "Modeling the role of native language knowledge in perceiving nonnative speech contrasts", In ICPhS-15, 2221-2224.