15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)
The study presents an investigation of prosodic differences between
singing and speaking and focuses on prosodic parameters of intonation,
on its functional differences. It is based on the recordings of signals
of three young singers who have read and have sung the same fragments
from Russian popular songs. These singers (females) are professionally
educated and are at the age 16-18.
The first stage of the experiment included only singing. The singers were required to sing some short fragments from Russian romances, folk songs and schlagers of to-day.
WINCECIL programme's analysis has been used.
The second stage of experiment consisted of reading just the same fragments in the randomized order.
There were 180 examples under consideration: [30 (Singing) + 30 (Reading)] x 3 = 180.
Criterium 1. The F0 changing in fragments analysed. The most preferable notation were marks: + and -. The + functioned as the sign of great changing, and the - as the sign of insignificant change.
Criterium 2. The movement of Intensity in the same fragment. The + here designated the sharp change in the intensity curve, the - signified the slow change in the I-movement.
Criterium 3.The coincidence (marked by YES) vs. uncoincidence (marked by NO) between F0 movement (changing) and Intensity curve at the same fragment.
Results and Data analysis.
Bibliographic reference. Nikolaeva, Tatyana M. (2003): "Singing vs. reading. parameters of intonation in comparison", In ICPhS-15, 2139-2140.