15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)
A systemic approach is described for uncovering characteristics of sung with respect to spoken vowels obtained from two bass singers - Australian English and Swedish. The approach imports the notion of articulatory settings to elucidate spoken-to-sung transformations that are basically linear in the space of the two lowest, formant frequencies. This study departs from previous ones, which have tended to focus on individual components and, instead, focuses on how the singer's vowel system is affected.
Bibliographic reference. Clermont, Frantz (2003): "Systemic relationship between bass singers' spoken and sung vowel-formant spaces", In ICPhS-15, 2115-2118.