15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)

Barcelona, Spain
August 3-9, 2003


Vocalism of the Russian Language: Gender Differences

R. F. Kasatkina

Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia

The quantitative characteristics of Russian vowels in male and female speech were investigated. It was shown that the prosodic center (pretonic and stressed syllable) of a phonetic word in Russian is formed according to the principle of quantitative dissimilation of the vowel in the first pretonic syllable to the vowel in the stressed syllable. This principle manifests itself more noticeably in female than in male speech. Some gender differences have been found in the intonation of utterances with specific semantics or communicative goals. For emotional female speech, together with the accent on the stressed vowel, the appearance of an additional tone accent on the vowel of the first pretonic syllable is typical (double accentuation). In emotional male speech, the accent in such cases is put only on the stressed vowel.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Kasatkina, R. F. (2003): "Vocalism of the Russian language: gender differences", In ICPhS-15, 1839-1842.