15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)

Barcelona, Spain
August 3-9, 2003


Catalan Pre-Nuclear Accents: Evidence for Word Edge Tones

Eva Estebas-Vilaplana

Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Spain

The phonological interpretation of pre-nuclear rising accents in Catalan declaratives is examined within the Autosegmental-Metrical framework. Former studies have shown that pre-nuclear rises can neither be described as L*+H (the H is not located at a fixed distance from L* as expected in bitonality) nor as H* with peak delay (there is no correlation between syllable duration and location of the peak). In this paper, a third option is investigated, namely, a pitch accent (L*) and a word edge tone (H). Words with different stress distributions (oxytones, paroxytones and proparoxytones) are analysed to examine the effects of a word boundary on the alignment of the F0 peak. 180 sentences were recorded by two Catalan speakers. The results show that the F0 peak is consistently anchored at the end of the word no matter the number of post-accented syllables. Thus, pre-nuclear rises are interpreted as the combination of L* and H.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Estebas-Vilaplana, Eva (2003): "Catalan pre-nuclear accents: evidence for word edge tones", In ICPhS-15, 1779-1782.