15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)

Barcelona, Spain
August 3-9, 2003

Nasalance Norms in the Speech of Greek Normal Adults: Linguistic, Phonetic, Gender Effects and Crosslinguistic Comparisons

Areti Okalidou (1), Asimina Karathanasi (2), Eleni Grigoraki (3)

(1) University of Macedonia, Greece
(2) Children's Hospital "Agia Sofia", Greece
(3) Technological and Educational Institute of Patras, Greece

Normative nasalance scores were obtained for 80 monolingual adult speakers of Greek. The effects of gender, type of linguistic material and phonological ccontext on nasalance scores were examined. Finally, crosslinguistic comparisons were made based on the existing literature. Subjects read aloud syllables, sentences and passages, consisting of nasal, oral and oral/nasal context. In contrast with other languages, the results did not reveal any gender differences. Different nasalance scores were obtained a) for syllables versus sentences and passages, b) for different phonological categories, comparing among vowels and among nasals. Also, velar contexts yielded higher nasalance. Finally, the crosslinguistic comparison of Greek with other languages and dialects revealed that Greek has lower nasalance scores. The nasalance results have clinical utility for the diagnosis and management of adults with resonance disorders caused by velar insufficiency or dysfunction. The impact of language characteristics on speech production demands for appropriate nasality/orality is discussed.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Okalidou, Areti / Karathanasi, Asimina / Grigoraki, Eleni (2003): "Nasalance norms in the speech of Greek normal adults: linguistic, phonetic, gender effects and crosslinguistic comparisons", In ICPhS-15, 1659-1662.