15th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-15)
Relations between tune and text are to be separated into phonological relations and phonetic factors affecting the timing of pitch event. Two phonological relations are 'association', a relation between tones and syllables or moras, and (phonological) 'alignment', the right-adjustment or left-adjustment of a tone with a prosodic constituent or another tone. Phonetic relations are best divided into within-speaker and across-speaker variation in the timing of pitch events. Across-speaker variation includes phonetic differences found between languages and varieties of the same language. Within-speaker effects can be divided into three groups, mechanical effects of the speech production mechanism, ergonomic effects, which are due to context, and communicative effects, which are due to paralinguistic communication.
Bibliographic reference. Gussenhoven, Carlos (2003): "On tune-text relations", In ICPhS-15, 241-244.