14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999

Another Look at Vietnamese Intonation

Thi Thanh Hoa Nguyên, Georges Boulakia

Université Paris 7 - Denis Diderot, France

To bring out the pertinent prosodic features corresponding to assertive, interrogative and imperative modes, and to produce natural Vietnamese utterances, we used "minimal pairs" which had the same tonal and syllabic configuration but a different morphosyntactic structure. This is possible because question markers or imperative markers may have homonymous morphemes. Auditive tests confirmed the results of our instrumental analysis. Controlling the F0, intensity and tempo parameters with re-synthesized speech (P. Martin's WinPitch program), we obtained the target values which are recognized as well as the perceptual boundaries between the three modal categories. The basic "segmental" unit is not the "phoneme" but the "syllable", the structure of which constrains the occurrence of tone types.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Nguyên, Thi Thanh Hoa / Boulakia, Georges (1999): "Another look at Vietnamese intonation", In ICPhS-14, 2399-2402.