14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)
San Francisco, CA, USA
Two lexical decision studies examined the effects of single-phoneme rule out other vowels as effectively as consonants rule out other mismatches on lexical activation in spoken-word recognition. One consonants. In this task, listeners hear nonwords and are asked to turn study was carried out in English, and involved spoken primes and them into real words by replacing a single phoneme; in English  visually presented lexical decision targets. The other study was carried and in Dutch  listeners find it easier to replace a vowel than a out in Dutch, and primes and targets were both presented auditorily. Facilitation was found only for spoken targets preceded immediately by spoken primes; no facilitation occurred when targets were presented visually, or when intervening input occurred between prime and target. The effects of vowel mismatches and consonant mismatches were equivalent.
Bibliographic reference. Cutler, Anne / Ooijen, Brit van / Norris, Dennis (1999): "Vowels, consonants, and lexical activation", In ICPhS-14, 2053-2056.