14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999


Preaspiration in Intervocalic /k/ vs. /g/ in Norwegian

Wim A. van Dommelen

Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

This paper investigates the possible contribution of preaspiration to the realization of intervocalic velar stops in Norwegian. A group of 24 native speakers was recorded producing sentenceembedded disyllables containing intervocalic /k/ vs. /g/. Subsequent measurements of segment durations involved the following segments: preconsonantal vowel, breathy part of the vowel (/k/), preaspiration (/k/), consonantal closure, voicing (/g/) and postaspiration (/k/)/consonantal release (/g/). The data collected were used to investigate three different alternatives concerning the realization of preaspiration: (1) Preaspiration is part of the vowel. (2) Preaspiration is part of the consonant. (3) Preaspiration is a segment in its own right. Results of correlation analyses investigating the three hypotheses seemed to rule out alternatives (1) and (2) and to favor the status of preaspiration as an independent segment. It is speculated that preaspiration may be considered to be an additional feature reinforcing the voicedvoiceless distinction.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Dommelen, Wim A. van (1999): "Preaspiration in intervocalic /k/ vs. /g/ in norwegian", In ICPhS-14, 2037-2040.