14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999

Prediction and Perception of Focal Accents

Anja Elsner

Institut für Kommunikationsforschung und Phonetik (IKP), University of Bonn, Germany

Two experiments were carried out in order to test the hypothesis that words with higher informational load are more prominent than others, i.e., they are realized with a focal accent. In a prediction test, subjects had to mark the words in a written text which they would presumably realize with a focal accent. In a perception test, using the same text material as before, but now with spontaneous speech, the same subjects had to mark the words which they perceived with focal accents. Results show that prediction and actual realization of the focal accents differ in several respects. Additionally, acoustic measurements showed clear correlations between subject judgements and acoustical salience of marked words for the perception test.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Elsner, Anja (1999): "Prediction and perception of focal accents", In ICPhS-14, 1549-1552.