14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999

Pitch Peak Alignment in Russian Declaratives, Interrogatives, and Exclamations

Veronika Makarova

The University of Edinburgh, UK

Differences in pitch peak alignment between intonation contours have been found pertinent to the production and perception of sentence types in a number of languages. In particular, pitch peak alignment may contribute to sentence type disambiguation when only intonation markers of sentence types are present. This study investigates if pitch peak alignment differences are employed by speakers of Russian in the production of one-word, three-syllable declaratives, interrogatives, enumerations and exclamations with a rise-fall pitch contour. The results indicate that an earlier pitch peak target is characteristic of exclamations and declaratives, and a later target - of interrogatives and enumerations. The exact location of the target as well as the magnitude of the difference in the target shift between each pair of sentence types is subject specific.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Makarova, Veronika (1999): "Pitch peak alignment in Russian declaratives, interrogatives, and exclamations", In ICPhS-14, 1173-1176.