14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)
San Francisco, CA, USA
Speech researchers commonly disregard such modalities of oral speech as whisper, lip-reading, inner speech, etc., focusing on voiced speech exclusively. A survey of speech modalities shows, however, that this approach is not appropriate: as it turns out, the true bearers of linguistic information in all types of speech communication are articulatory changes within the airway (a crossspecific feature of all speech modalities). By contrast, the voice is usable in particular kinds of situations, where it serves only to reflect the articulatory gestures and make them audible to the addressee. The voice does not produce speech signals, but reproduces them.
Bibliographic reference. Pazukhin, Rostislav (1999): "We do hear, feel, and see our tongues and lips", In ICPhS-14, 1095-1096.