14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999


The Early versus the Late Accent-Lending Fall in Dutch: Phonetic Variation or Phonological Difference?

Johanneke Caspers

Phonetics Laboratory, Leiden University/HIL, The Netherlands

There are two well-known models of Dutch intonation: the GDI or Grammar of Dutch Intonation and the autosegmental model formulated by Gussenhoven. Gussenhoven's model distinguishes – at least – two different types of falling pitch accent (%H H*L and %H !H*L), whereas the GDI recognizes only one type of accent-lending fall (‘A’). The aim of the experiments presented below is to find out whether Dutch has two types of falling pitch accent or not by investigating whether there is a systematic meaning difference associated with a difference in timing of the fall. Short sentences with an early fall, a late fall or a standard pointed hat contour (‘1&A’ or H*L) were presented in contexts varying the information status of the focused information, asking subjects to perform a number of comparison and rating tasks. Results indicate that the early and the late fall belong to separate linguistic categories.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Caspers, Johanneke (1999): "The early versus the late accent-lending fall in Dutch: phonetic variation or phonological difference?", In ICPhS-14, 945-948.