14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999

Fishing For The Past: Remanents of Early Lateralization of [s]

M. Irene Stephens (1), F. Ling Lu (2), Kuen Kao (2), Linda Kahvazadeh (2), Ray Daniloff (2)

(1)Northern Illinois University; (2) University of North Texas, USA

Five kindergarten children who lateralized /s/ were recorded as they imitated sentences with /s/ embedded in various phonetic contexts. They were rerecorded using identical stimuli in ninth or tenth grade of high school. Their /s/ productions were extracted from contexts in which /i, u, œ, _, k, l/ followed /s/. Noise spectrum parameters: mean, standard deviation, skew, and kurtosis, were computed, as were four 3-point rating scale estimates of spectral fitness: 1) number, and 2) frequency of spectral peaks, 3) low frequency energy, and 4) compactness of spectral bandwidth. All subjects exhibited spectral evidence of lateralization; four improved with age by 4-47% more satisfactory measurements, and one declined in satisfactory measures by 13%. The speech pathologists who tested the high school students observed that all displayed oral gestures indicative of lateralization, and four blatantly lateralized. The most perceptually normal subject ended with 79% of spectral profile noise measures satisfactory as versus 85% for normals. Clinical implications are discussed.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Stephens, M. Irene / Lu, F. Ling / Kao, Kuen / Kahvazadeh, Linda / Daniloff, Ray (1999): "Fishing for the past: remanents of early lateralization of [s]", In ICPhS-14, 819-821.