14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999

The Dynamics of Codeswitching in Voice Identification

Ruth Huntley Bahr

University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

Some voice quality alterations may be driven by linguistic or social forces. To be specific, these changes can result from dialectal differences, or voice patterns during specific speaking situations (i.e., casual vs. formal productions) or voice produced in a non-native language. It would seem to follow then that listeners might not recognize a voice when it is presented in a second language, as in the case of bilingualism. In this experiment, naive, monolingual listeners were asked to identify talkers in both English and Spanish in three speaking conditions: casual speech, extemporaneous speech with a monolingual speaker of the talker's second language, and reading. Results, which differed by gender, indicated that speaker identification was hampered by type of sample and language spoken. Lastly, acoustic analyses identified aspects of voice production that were altered during code-switching. Discussion will focus on how codeswitching influences voice recognition and production.

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Bibliographic reference.  Bahr, Ruth Huntley (1999): "The dynamics of codeswitching in voice identification", In ICPhS-14, 583-586.