14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999


Deletion Phenomenon of Phonemes in Spontaneous Taiwanese Mandarin

Tzu-Ting Su

ILPGA University of the Sorbonne Nouvelle, Paris, France

This study presents acoustic and perceptive results on deleted phonemes of 15 minutes of spontaneous Taiwanese Mandarin. Acoustic results show that only 3% among 8580 phonemes are deleted, in which 75% belong to grammatical words. Furthermore, the deletion concerns less vowels than consonants (1.6 % versus 5.1% deleted). Perceptive results show that deleted vowels are more often perceived than deleted consonants (40% versus 13.8%). It seems that in acoustic and perception, the vowel is much more preserved than the consonant in spontaneous Mandarin, this suggesting that the structure of the syllable in Mandarin is based on the vowel, in which the tone is to be found.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Su, Tzu-Ting (1999): "Deletion phenomenon of phonemes in spontaneous taiwanese Mandarin", In ICPhS-14, 379-382.