14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS-14)

San Francisco, CA, USA
August 1-7, 1999


Structural Influences on Boundary-Related Lengthening in English

Alice E. Turk

Department of Linguistics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK

This study of phrase-final vs. non-phrase-final disyllables shows the influence of prosodic structure on the spread of final lengthening in English. The greatest amount of lengthening was found on phrase-final syllable rimes, although lengthening within the rime was not uniform. Final syllable codas showed more lengthening than final syllable nuclei. In addition, lengthening was found to extend to the left of the final rime if the penultimate syllable bore primary lexical stress. The left edge of phrase-final rimes and the left edge of rimes of primary lexically stressed syllables appear to constrain the leftward spread of pre-boundary lengthening.

Full Paper

Bibliographic reference.  Turk, Alice E. (1999): "Structural influences on boundary-related lengthening in English", In ICPhS-14, 237-240.